By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, below the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here based on a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the extraordinary in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused extreme condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from approved international relations. thoughts of the Crusades have been, in spite of everything, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French resources, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early smooth period. the result's crucial analyzing for college students and students of ecu background, Ottoman experiences, and of kin among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra resources for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
53 During the nineteenth century, historians in France finally united the antiquarian and literary traditions, while continuing the tradition of using history for political purposes. ’54 History was expected to legitimize the Orleanist regime; to depict the nation-state, France, as the model for progress; and to support French imperialism in North Africa. In the following chapters, this book provides numerous examples of history and other writings being employed for political purposes in regards to the Ottoman-French alliance.
Louis XII attempted to assist Venice diplomatically when in April 1500 he dispatched two envoys to Bayezid to negotiate peace. Despite Bayezid considering ‘the King of France as a brother,’ the French envoys threatened the sultan that if he did not make peace, Venice, France, and their allies would attack him. Nevertheless, war continued in 1500, involving more states than the previous year since the Hungarians agreed to fight the Ottomans. While the possibility of a crusade was frequently discussed in 1499 and 1500, the idea was only viewed favorably by those who were threatened by Ottoman power.
Paul IV was also willing to seek allies among the Protestants and the Ottomans in order to fight the Habsburgs. The pope’s nephew, Cardinal Carlo Carafa, actively pursued diplomacy with the French and the Ottomans. indd 43 4/20/2011 2:58:56 PM 44 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL We will deprive them of their kingdoms and empires; we will proclaim them excommunicated and accursed ... ; we will make a crusade against them, because both father and son are heretics; and we will extirpate that accursed race.
Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Christine Isom-Verhaaren