By Henry G. Kunkel (ed.), Frank J. Dixon (ed.)
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Additional info for Advances in Immunology, Vol. 31
A similar result had been previously reported in in uivo experiments (Spitznagel and Allison, 1971). The results imply that there are two forms of antigen that compete with each other, the macrophage-bound and the soluble antigen. Although not explored, it is possible that the soluble antigen acted by triggering suppressor T cells (Ishizaka and Adachi, 1976; Pierres and Germain, 1978). Using hapten-conjugated proteins associated with macrophages, it was questioned whether both the haptenic and carrier protein had to be linked together in the same molecule or could be placed separately either in the same macrophages or in different ones.
Cellular immunity reactions constitute the basis of resistance to intracellular pathogenic microorganisms, such as the facultative intracellular bacteria, protozoa, viruses, and fungi. An important component of macrophage activation is also found in the response to tumors. Delayed-type hypersensitivity and contact sensitivity reactions are expressions of cellular immunity reactions to protein antigens or contact sensitizers deposited in the skin. These reactions involve immune T cells that, by way of various soluble mediators, call forth and activate macrophages .
1978; de Vries et al. 1979). Interestingly, the reconstitution with phagocytes and other accessory cells was best with the population of macrophages bearing Ia. Thus, Habu and Raff (1977) found that killing the peritoneal macrophage population b y exposure to anti-Ia plus fresh serum-as a complement source-markedly impaired their capacity to cooperate with the T cell stimulated by Con A. In our own studies, macrophage populations depleted of the Iabearing population did reconstitute the response, although less efficiently than the entire untreated cells ( h m e r and Unanue, 1980).
Advances in Immunology, Vol. 31 by Henry G. Kunkel (ed.), Frank J. Dixon (ed.)