By Richard Stoneman
From Herodotus to Freya Stark, writers were encouraged through Turkey, a diversified nation on the crossroads of heritage, for millennia. the following, Richard Stoneman describes in full of life element the extraordinary literature they produced. At a time while Turkey’s place at the fringe could be set to alter to a deeper involvement in Europe, the necessity to comprehend the rustic is much more compelling. the variety of go back and forth writing represented during this publication indicates how, whereas political conditions may possibly switch, the entice of Turkey continues to be constant.
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Within the area of six years early within the 17th century, the Ottoman Empire underwent such turmoil and trauma--the assassination of the younger ruler Osman II, the re-enthronement and next abdication of his mad uncle Mustafa I, for a start--that a pupil suggested the period's three-day-long dramatic climax "an Ottoman Tragedy.
In Sixties Turkey, the militia and the unconventional leftist flow supplied very dynamic, yet very various, political forces. although, a bit of strangely, nearly all of radical leftists believed within the innovative strength of the defense force in overthrowing the present regime and changing it with a quasi-socialist one.
In accordance with 3 years of archival study, this paintings adopts a comparative framework in its exam of 1 of the least understood and extra paradoxical polities of recent ecu and heart japanese historical past: the Ottoman ancien regime. regardless of a profoundly decentralized nation gear, the Ottoman nation controlled to rule huge parts of the center East and southeastern Europe in the course of a turbulent century.
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Extra resources for Across the Hellespont. A Literary Guide to Turkey
As ANAP was defeated in the October 1991 general elections, Özal had taken an active campaign against Yılmaz’s leadership. Yılmaz did his best to get over Özal’s pressure on the party and create his own authority,17 and re-won the party leadership in the 1992 intraparty elections against Özal’s candidate. The intraparty democracy case for the DTP in 2007 intraparty elections was also a consequence of external shocks in the system. 18 These parties have been subject to the highest number of closures in Turkish political history, because of the claim that they have organic ties with the Kurdish terrorist and separatist organization—the PKK.
In other words, this literature does not explain the possibility of change. Furthermore, intraparty authoritarianism in this literature is considered as a phenomenon in which party leaders in central or public office own the power resources and control the whole party structure; and to a lesser extent deal with the demands and reactions of the party on the ground. 63 Thus, the reasons for the subordination of party members to the power of the national party elite are not entirely elaborated at the micro level.
There are different approaches to leadership styles in organizations, which can be helpful in understanding the internal workings of political parties, identifying what the goals and motivations of the party leaders may be. 69 According to this approach, “task-oriented style” is defined as a concern with accomplishing assigned tasks by organizing task-relevant activities—such as electoral mobilization. The taskoriented leader clearly provides targets, timelines, technical support, and advice but little focus on team members as individuals requiring support.
Across the Hellespont. A Literary Guide to Turkey by Richard Stoneman