A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in by Jane Hathaway PDF

By Jane Hathaway

ISBN-10: 0791458830

ISBN-13: 9780791458839

This revisionist learn reevaluates the origins and origin myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society throughout the 17th and eighteenth centuries, while Egypt used to be the most important province within the Ottoman Empire. In resolution to the iconic secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway locations their emergence in the generalized challenge that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered through the early sleek interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was once severe to their formation. additionally, she scrutinizes the factions’ origin myths, deconstructing their tropes and emblems to bare their connections to a lot older well known narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide range of cultures, she demonstrates with impressive originality how rituals corresponding to storytelling and public processions, in addition to deciding on colours and logos, might serve to enhance factional identification.

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Additional info for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen

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1739): The people of Egypt from ancient times were in two factions (farqatayn), soldiers and bedouin and peasants (ra˜åya): white flag and red flag. The white was Tubba˜i and the red Kulaybi, Zughbi and Hilali, Qala˘uni and Baybarsi until the administration (dawla) of the House of Osman . . [when they became] Faqari-Sa˜d and Qasimi-Haram. The Faqari loves protégés [jiråqåt, Arabicized plural of Turkish çırak, “apprentice”], and the Qasimi loves building. 2 (2b) Anonymous, Kitåb al-durra al-munƒåna f¥ waq奘 [sic] al-Kinåna (The Book of the Precious Pearl: Events in Egypt [land of the Kinana tribe]): The people of Egypt, beys, aghas, and the seven regiments, were two factions (farqatayn): White Flag from the Yemeni Tubba˜ and Red Flag from Kulayb brother of al-Zir, Sa˜d and Haram, Faqari and Qasimi.

These invented traditions, in their turn, create collective memory of the sort on which group cohesion depends. Every American schoolchild learns the story of George Washington chopping down the cherry tree, then refusing to lie about it. The story is so familiar to Americans that it has become part of our collective memory of our first president, even though we acknowledge that it is probably spurious. George Introduction 15 Washington himself is a cornerstone of American nationalism; he and the other Founding Fathers, as they have come to be known—even though they, of course, never referred to themselves in this fashion— have become part of our national myth, exemplifying what most Americans regard as great about the United States.

That gave definitive shape to Qays and Yemen as distinct factions. On the death of the second Umayyad caliph in 683, the Qays, along with certain Yemeni tribes, supported a Meccan opponent of ˜Ali for caliph; the leader of a collateral branch of the Umayyads ultimately crushed this opponent with the support of the Kalb, a branch of the Yemeni grouping, and their allies. E. and the rise of the assimilationist ˜Abbasid dynasty, the Qays-Yemen rivalry became somewhat more muted, yet it continued unabated in certain regions, notably Egypt and Greater Syria.

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A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen by Jane Hathaway

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