By Sevket Pamuk
This quantity examines the financial background of a big empire situated on the crossroads of intercontinental exchange from the fourteenth century until eventually the top of global conflict I. It covers all areas of the empire from the Balkans via Anatolia, Syria, Egypt and the Gulf to the Maghrib. the consequences of economic advancements for social and political heritage also are mentioned through the quantity. this is often a massive and pathbreaking booklet via essentially the most individual financial historians within the box.
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Extra resources for A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire
4 Peter Spufford, in his Eurocentric pespective, linked the European commercial revolution of the thirteenth century ultimately to the discoveries of silver in Central Europe. He argued that as more specie became available in Europe, there occurred a general expansion of North Italian trade with Constantinople, Syria, and Egypt beginning as early as the middle of the twelfth century. 5 In the thirteenth century, the merchants of the eastern Mediterranean and the Europeans carried both the silk and spices of Asia as well as the locally produced commodities of the Near East to Europe in return for some European goods and considerable quantities of silver.
The case of the of®cial price ceiling (narh) lists provides an excellent example in this respect. After collecting a few of these from the court archives, many have assumed that narh was a permanent ®xture of urban economic life. In fact, my recent searches through all of the more than thousand registers of three of Istanbul's courts, those of the Old City, È skudar from the ®fteenth through mid-nineteenth centuries Galata, and U indicate that narh lists were not prepared regularly. They were issued primarily during extraordinary periods of instability and distress in the 45 available from LuÈt® GuÈcËer, XVI.
U È niversitesi IÇktisat FakuÈltesi, 1951), 92±189. U Huri IÇslamogÏlu and C Ë agÏlar Keyder, ``Agenda for Ottoman History,'' Review, Fernand Braudel Center 1 (1977), 31±55. È lgener, ``IÇslam Hukuk ve Ahlak Kaynaklarõnda,'' pp. 1151±1189; MuÈbahat S. KuÈtuÈkogÏlu, U Osmanlõlarda Narh MuÈessesesi ve 1640 Tarihli Narh Defteri (IÇstanbul: Enderun Kitabevi, 1983), 3±38; Sayar, Osmanlõ IÇktisat DuÈsËuÈncesi, 55±165; M. C Ë agÏatay UlucËay, ``Narh,'' Gediz 5/55 (1942); for an idealized interpretation of narh, see Ahmet TabakogÏlu, ``Osmanlõ È lgener'e ArmagÏan, IÇstanbul U È niversitesi IÇktisat Ekonomisinde Fiyat Denetimi,'' in S.
A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire by Sevket Pamuk