By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed amazing ethnic and cultural variety one of the expected thirty million humans dwelling inside its borders. It was once probably the main cosmopolitan kingdom within the world--and very likely the main risky. a quick background of the past due Ottoman Empire now supplies students and basic readers a concise heritage of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked via magnificent social swap. relocating previous typical remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes large old tendencies and tactics greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid robust competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He appears heavily on the socioeconomic adjustments this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this historical past is not just necessary to comprehending glossy Turkey, yet is necessary to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to lifestyles in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial files and different records from the interval to explain it because it truly used to be, no longer because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a quick historical past of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for somebody trying to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the realm nonetheless grapples with at the present time.
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Extra info for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire
In several regions, individuals actually obtained official appointments through the threat or use of force against the imperial authorities. In Vidin in 1795, Pazvandoğlu Osman, a former mercenary in the service of the Wallachian prince, took advantage of being the son of a former notable who had been executed by the central administration, and subjected a vast area in present-day Serbia and western Bulgaria by force, dismissing local administrators and installing his own men. Two years later, the central government dispatched an army to put an end to this situation, but Bonaparte’s invasion of Egypt in 1789 compelled it to grant Pazvandoğlu Osman an imperial pardon and appoint him governor of Vidin with the rank of vizier.
George Gordon] Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, ed. A. H. Thompson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1931), p. 60. 27 [Alphonse de Beauchamp], The Life of Ali Pacha of Janina, Vizier of Epirus, Surnamed Aslan, or the Lion from Various Authentic Documents (London: Lupton Relfe, 1822), pp. 68–9. 28 Al-usra al->Aymīya, ed. 34 Yücel Özkaya, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Âyânlık (Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, 1994), pp. 141–68. indd 17 8/23/2007 8:15:59 PM 18 Chapter One âyân in 1786, notables—such as Tirsinikli İsmail and Alemdar Mustafa Pasha in Rumelia, and Cizyedârzâde Hüseyin of Bursa in Anatolia—continued to represent a powerful social group in the empire until the success of the centralization policies in the mid-nineteenth century. The concentration of power in the hands of local dynasts and notables brought about a de facto change in the land tenure system, compeling the government to agnize private ownership of land, albeit unofficially.
A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
34 Yücel Özkaya, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Âyânlık (Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, 1994), pp. 141–68. indd 17 8/23/2007 8:15:59 PM 18 Chapter One âyân in 1786, notables—such as Tirsinikli İsmail and Alemdar Mustafa Pasha in Rumelia, and Cizyedârzâde Hüseyin of Bursa in Anatolia—continued to represent a powerful social group in the empire until the success of the centralization policies in the mid-nineteenth century. The concentration of power in the hands of local dynasts and notables brought about a de facto change in the land tenure system, compeling the government to agnize private ownership of land, albeit unofficially.